|.: 16-Feb-2019 :.
|Employment of Indian seafarers grows by 35pc in 2018: Govt|
The number of Indian seafarers employed on Indian or foreign flag vessels increased by 35 per cent in 2018 on the back of a series of measures taken in the last four years, the Shipping Ministry said Friday.
"The shipping sector has witnessed an unprecedented growth of 35 per cent in the number of Indian seafarers...," the ministry said in a statement. The number increased to 2,08,799 in 2018 from 1,54,349 in 2017, it said.
Along with this, the number of students placed for on-board training also rose from 14,307 in 2017 to 19,545 in 2018, registering a jump of nearly 37 per cent.
The growth in the number of Indian seafarers has been possible due to a series of measures taken by the government in the last four years to improve the standards of maritime training, increase on-board training opportunities, improve the examination and certification system and facilitate ease of doing business.
The number of seafarers employed on Indian flag vessels increased from 22,103 last year to 27,364 this year, while the employment figures on foreign vessels went up from 60,194 to 72,327 during the same period.
The training curriculum for the officers and the ratings were revised in 2016 not only to meet the global standards but also to meet the expectations of foreign employers.
To regulate training institutes working in private sector, a system of 'Comprehensive Inspection Programme' (CIP) was designed to assess the quality of the institute on various parameters including infrastructure, quality of faculty and pedagogy among others.
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|US Coast Guard Green Lights First Cameron LNG Export|
The Cameron Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) project came a step closer to loading its first LNG cargo for global export as U.S. Coast Guard personnel wrapped up a safety inspection at the site.
The safety inspection included a review of the terminal s design, construction, equipment, operations, maintenance, personnel training and firefighting systems. Cameron LNG also submitted its Marine Operations Manual and Emergency Manual to the Coast Guard for examination.
The project is nearing its first LNG cargo export after obtaining approval from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to export up to 14.95 Mtpa to Free Trade Agreement (FTA) countries and non-FTA countries. In April 2014, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued the final environmental impact statement to construct and operate the liquefaction facility. FERC authorized the project in June 2014.
Cameron LNG’s partners are Mitsui & Co., Sempra LNG & Midstream, Mitsubishi Corporation, Total, and NYK Line. In December 2016, Japan s Mitsubishi Corporation (MC) unveiled plans for a 165,000 cbm LNG carrier for the project. The vessel is scheduled for delivery from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Shipbuilding s yard in 2019.
Following delivery, the LNG carrier will transport the LNG produced at the Cameron project to Japanese Toho Gas and Tohoku Electric through Mitsubishi Corporation s Singapore-based energy business subsidiary, Diamond Gas International.
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|Kawasaki Delivers LNG Carrier Shinshu Maru to JERA-NYK Line JV|
Kawasaki Heavy Industries has delivered the 177,000 m3 LNG carrier Shinshu Maru to the Trans Pacific Shipping 7 Limited joint venture.
Shinshu Maru is the second of Kawasaki s line of 177,000 m3 capacity LNG carriers to be commissioned and is designed to enable passage through the expanded Panama Canal, which opened for full operations in 2016.
The Trans Pacific Shipping 7 Limited joint venture, formed by JERA Co., Inc. and NYK Line, will use the 299.9-meter vessel to transport LNG procured via the Freeport LNG Project in the U.S.
Shinshu Maru was delivered following a christening ceremony in January 2019.
As revealed by Kawasaki, the Bahamas-registered vessel features standard LNG carrier hull dimensions in order to enable docking at major LNG terminals around the world. It is equipped with four independent Moss LNG tanks protected by a double-hull and double-bottom design. The carrier boasts an LNG boil-off rate of no more than approximately 0.08% per day.
The company said it has additionally optimized the hull structure to decrease overall ship weight and adopted a two-motor, twin-screw propulsion system. The ship s dual fuel diesel (DFD) engine is capable of burning both oil and gas, the company noted.
Kawasaki said it would continue to pursue shipbuilding operations in light of the anticipated rise in demand for LNG and other clean-energy fuels.
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|Vessel Fire Claims Six Casualties in Durban Port|
Six people have lost their lives in an incident involving a vessel fire at the Port of Durban, according to the South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA).
The authority confirmed the casualties, adding that the extent of the fire caused the vessel to list on its port side.
SAMSA informed that the unit in question was the Mozambique-flagged fishing vessel Tropical 1.
There were no details available regarding the possible causes of the incident, which occurred on February 14.
The authority launched an investigation into the matter and proceeded to formally make contact with the Mozambican authorities.
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|Suez Canal Extends Toll Cuts for Bulkers|
The Suez Canal Authority (SCA) has extended discounts concerning dry bulk vessels operating between American and Asian ports after considering "new changes in the global shipping market and the world economy".
With this decision, the authority intends to encourage more vessel owners and operators to use the Suez Canal.
To remain in force until the end of 2019, the rebate will be granted to laden/ballast bulkers coming from or heading to the East Coast of North America and heading to or coming from the following areas:
Ports west of Indian subcontinent starting from Karachi up to Cochinport will be granted a reduction of 20% of Suez Canal normal tolls;
Cochin port and its Eastern ports (including Far East area) will receive a discount of 60% of Suez Canal normal tolls.
In addition, discount will be given to laden or ballast dry bulk vessels coming from or heading to Savannah port and its southern ports including ports of US Gulf, Mississippi River, Caribbean sea and Latin America and heading to or coming from the following areas:
Ports west of Indian subcontinent starting from Karachi up to Cochin port will get a reduction of 45% of the Suez Canal normal tolls;
Cochin port and its Eastern ports including Far East area will be granted a reduction of 75% of Suez Canal normal tolls.
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|CLdN to Deploy Larger Ship on Goteborg Route|
Luxembourg-based shortsea specialist Compagnie Luxembourgeoise d Navigation (CLdN) RoRo SA revealed plans to introduce a larger vessel on the Goteborg trade.
The company will deploy on this route M/V Catherine, one of its CONRO class vessels, from February 24, 2019.
As informed, by introducing the ship which can accommodate trailers and containers, the total capacity on the trade will be increased by a further 20%.
The move is in line with CLdN s long-term strategy to continue deploying larger vessels on the trade and follows the introduction of four sailings per week between Zeebrugge and Goteborg in January 2018.
In addition, the company said that M/V Laureline - the first of a series of four RoRo vessels - will commence trading on CLdN service by the end of February 2019. The remaining ships will be delivered during 2019.
The vessels on the Goteborg trade are handled by C.Ro Ports on their facilities at Albert II Dock in Zeebrugge, from where the company can offer shipments to other European ports
such as Santander, Dublin, Purfleet and Killingholme.
"By introducing larger capacity on the Scandinavian corridor we remain on course enhancing the trade and meeting the expectations of the market & our customers. It also enables us also to carry more transshipment cargo," a spokesperson for CLdN said.
The company currently operates 27 vessels offering more than 125 sailing per week and will add 12 new vessels to its fleet over the coming years.
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|Riga To Undergo 10-Year Development Plan|
A 10-year port development programme which will expand operations, diversify cargo and develop port infrastructure at the Freeport of Riga has been approved by its board.
The Development Programme 2019-2028 provides for significantly expanded operations at the Freeport of Riga, facilitating industrialisation and the entry of new companies into its territory. It places greater focus on the development of passenger transport, as well as attracting new cargo, cargo diversification, development of port infrastructure and improvement of the port administration model.
"In the new development plan, we have focused our attention on industrialisation: we will promote the development of production and services with added value, as well as more effective use of the port territory and attraction of development projects for vacant territories in the Freeport of Riga," emphasised Ansis Zeltiņs, CEO of the Freeport of Riga.
The development programme is based on a large-scale market study involving Freeport of Riga specialists and consultants from the Port of Rotterdam Authority and identifies container cargoes, agricultural and forestry cargoes as potential cargo types for the Freeport of Riga. Analysis showed the passenger transport segment also had potential.
In the programme s optimistic scenario, total cargo turnover of the Freeport of Riga in the upcoming decade will increase to 41m tonnes. The greatest contribution to this increase will be ensured by container cargoes, the volume of which will exceed 1m teu in 2037.
The minimum scenario envisages a decrease in cargo turnover in the upcoming decade to 29m tonnes, primarily due to a decrease in cargoes of energy resources. However, this scenario provides for an increase in the turnover of container cargo to 610,000 teu in 2027.
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|Port Volumes Up 8.9% Versus Prior Year as Turn Times for Motor Carriers See Double-Digit Improvement|
The Port of Virginiar continues to move near-peak season cargo volumes and is doing so well under the industry standard turn time of 60 minutes for motor carries. The port s container volume for January was 240,111 TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent units), or 134,638 containers, up 8.9 percent compared to prior year. Fiscal 2019 to date, total TEU volume is up 2.8 percent or 47,745 TEUs (18,365 containers).
"While volumes remain at near-peak levels, we re seeing the benefits of our expansion projects bearing fruit," said John F. Reinhart, the CEO and executive director of the Virginia Port Authority. "Our traditional turn time at Virginia International Gateway (VIG) averaged 65.5 minutes in October and November. That figure dropped more than 33 percent for December and January. That improvement is the result of daily progress we re making on our expansion projects - even as we continue to handle high volumes."
In January, the average traditional turn times at both terminals at VIG and Norfolk International Terminals (NIT) were at 41.8 and 52.6 minutes, respectively. Average expanded turn times for VIG and NIT were 50.7 and 59.5, respectively.
As the three-year, $320 million expansion project at VIG nears completion, the first phase of construction at NIT is nearly complete and the second phase is underway. The efficiencies gained from the new capacity, combined with the metered flow of cargo via the port s Truck Reservation System is providing the port - and its customers - with some much-needed breathing room after managing through the most difficult aspects of the expansion projects.
"We ve reached a pivot point," Reinhart said. “We met the challenges of peak season. VIG is nearly complete - capped off with the delivery of the largest cranes in the Western Hemisphere last month. Twelve new stacks are handling cargo today at NIT, and our second phase of construction is now underway. We re ready to shift to a more aggressive stance in terms of going after cargo, providing high levels of service and moving that cargo more efficiently than ever."
Rail volume came in at 45,604 containers, up 3 percent or 1,314 containers compared to prior year. Virginia Inland Port volume was also up 8.8 percent, or 272 containers. Barge volume was up 21.5 percent or 879 containers overall and up 54.1 percent or 1,196 containers for Richmond Marine Terminal.
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|Alexandria, Dekheila ports still closed over bad weather|
Alexandria and Dekheila ports remained shut down for the second day on Friday due to bad weather and strong winds, spokesman for Alexandria port authority Reda el Ghandour said.
In statements, Ghandour added that the closure decision comes to ensure maritime safety after heavy rain hit several parts of Alexandria over the past days.
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|Exponential growth: entering the second half of the chessboard|
Exponential growth ensures that the maritime business will change rapidly over the coming years. Are we involved, or just standing by as an onlooker?
What is exponential growth? A well-known example is the ancient story about an Indian king granting as a reward to the inventor of chess the amount of rice obtained by placing a single grain on the first square of the board and then doubling the amount on every subsequent square. It all starts simply enough. The 10th square still only contains less than 15 grams of rice. But the 20th holds 15 kilograms, while the 30th already has 15 tons. It is in the region beyond the 32nd square that the quantities rapidly become unimaginable.
A characteristic of exponential growth patterns is that for a long time, the growth is nearly unnoticeable. As another example, imagine dropping a 1 ml drop of water into a football stadium and then doubling the number of drops once every minute. How long do you think it will take to fill the stadium? Weeks? Months? Years?
The answer: about 44 minutes.
And the scary part is this: Somewhere around the 40th minute, the stadium will still only have a bit of water on the playing field. At this point, people will be wondering what all this fuss about exponential growth is. Just four minutes later, you will be swimming – or drowning – in the top row of the stands. The point is that the situation only becomes alarming just before the water reaches you.
The container industry is lucky, since we do not need to do anything and our industry is going to change anyway due to exponentially growing technological capabilities. The progress will help us improve the performance, quality and safety of our systems. In the near future, the world s biggest container logistics company might not even touch the actual containers anymore. Exponential growth will open new, disruptive opportunities for all of us, but will also challenge all of our assumptions of how our business works.
For the last 20 years, my own work has largely involved an everyday focus on business and technology renewal. From this perspective, the current speed of change in the container handling industry actually feels quite moderate. However, I have a strong feeling that this state of affairs will not last forever, even if we are temporarily protected by our position as a niche business without the mass-market potential that would attract the attention of the world s leading technology players.
Moore s law and the container handling business
Exponential technology growth is not a construct of science fiction. It has been with us for decades, from the processing power of integrated circuits to memory capacity and communications technology. A high-capacity hard disk in 1956 might have been 5 MB in capacity; today, our portable drives hold terabytes of data for a tiny fraction of the cost. The wireless data speed of GSM in the 1990s was 9.6 kbps, while 5G will reach 10 Gbps in the next decade. As impressive as these figures are, they don t even begin to address the potential of AI and how, in turn, it can accelerate the development of other industries.
In a previous post, I discussed the AI assistant Winston from Dan Brown s thriller Origin, and how this character is, in fact, a fairly realistic portrayal of where current AI development is heading. When AI eventually (or perhaps sooner than we think) evolves to this level, we are very close to one of the definitions of the “singularity”, i.e., a point where the intelligence of our machines and the speed of technological change simply becomes incomprehensible, surpassing the brightest human minds.
As far as technology is concerned, many commentators have posited that we have already proceeded well into the “second half of the chessboard”, particularly with the accelerating onset of digitalisation and how it has already affected global maritime container logistics. Have you noticed how much Google and Amazon services have improved just over the last year? Can you extrapolate from this and imagine what kind of technological capacities we will have at our disposal ten years from now? No, you can t, and neither can anyone else, precisely because of the nature of exponential change.
Inevitable business change
The exponential growth of digital technology means inevitable business change, whether we are onboard with this change or not. Those who are will gain, while others will probably fall by the wayside.
The reason this trend is inevitable is because the world s leading technology companies have tens of thousands of people developing these exponential technologies, and the world is simultaneously full of startup companies just waiting to disrupt existing business models. Even if our industry would not face a major business disruption, exponentially developing technologies will help us improve the performance, quality and safety of our systems every day. But no matter what happens, the winners will be those that are the fastest to adapt to the ongoing change in the world.
In a world of exponential development, well-run established companies are actually the ones that are most at risk while new entrants shake up the business models. Most often, the biggest change happens in the creative crossing of existing industries. Are we doing enough to challenge and disrupt ourselves, or choose to wait to be disrupted?
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